Bangladesh is the country which is always on the list of gender discrimination. A country deprived of development in basic health care facilities along with smaller number of literacy rate. The gender discrimination is the topmost problem which is mediating the major imbalance in society hence leaving it deprived of major facilities.
Restrictions are imposed on the girls from the age of adolescence and they are not allowed to move or work. The social condition of Bangladesh contains broad gender orientation segregation, where young ladies are frequently regarded as a burden on their family’s finances. These results in low medical services provided to them. This affects their social advancements and access to work. Therefore, accomplishing women empowerment in Bangladesh is still challenging.
The major obstacles being faced by the Bangladeshi women are still the same as it were a few years ago. This includes;
- Child marriage in rural areas along with dowry customs is still a problem which results in the burden on families.
- Due to lack of medical facilities every year 12000 women die due to basic pregnancy issues and childbirth.
- Due to gender discrimination girls are mal-nutrition which results in anaemia and most of them are iodine deficient.
- Another major issue is Domestic violence where acid attacks and sexual harassment is common.
- Many women are unemployed and those who earn, are not even allowed to spend independently.
The government has started a number of initiatives to enhance women empowerment. This includes one of major step by The Education Trust Act which has started stipend scheme for girls at secondary level so that the literacy rate could increase in rural areas. This will lead to gender equivalence at both primary and secondary level nationwide.
National policy for women development has been adopted by Bangladeshi govt. That has increased the number of women elected to parliament to 20%.
The National Social protection strategy works for the social safety in consultation with UNDP to promote provisions for women empowerment.
Another initiative taken by Govt is The Village Court Act which aims to strive to increase the women representation in Village Court Panels. So that women should get a feeling of security and there would be someone who can easily understand their problems regardless of gender imparity.
Along with all these Post, 2015 Sustainable Development Agenda strives to remove gender imbalance from the country. Specifically from rural areas. That has resulted in the decrease of Gender Inequality Index and has shown improvement which has lead Bangladesh to be on the 119th number out of 159 countries. Women have increased the number to 42% in secondary education and 43.1% are aiding in the labor market.
NGOs like the Friends in Village Development Bangladesh and Nari Udyog Kendra concentrate on variables like participatory decision-making, awareness building, capacity building and increasing economic solvency to contribute to women’s empowerment in Bangladesh.
Overall, the government is working relentlessly to encourage the development of women. In fact, Bangladesh ranks eighth in the global political empowerment of women. Bangladesh is also committed to implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and has achieved the Millennium Development Goal of securing gender parity in education. The contribution of women in every sphere of life has become significant, ranging from agriculture to politics. Bangladesh has identified the critical importance of addressing inequality and making women’s empowerment in Bangladesh a priority in its new post-2015 development agenda.
USAID programs have helped promote women’s empowerment in Bangladesh by training more than 500,000 women farmers in agricultural technology. It also worked with the Bangladesh government to implement the Domestic Violence Prevention and Protection Act of 2010 as well as training human rights defenders.
Many women migrate from rural to urban areas in search of job opportunities. The World Bank initiated the Northern Areas Reduction-of-Poverty Initiative to bring these women work in the thriving garment industry.
The Asia Foundation has implemented the South Asian Women’s Entrepreneurship Symposium in partnership with the U.S. Department of State to expand economic opportunities. It has helped bring women together to conduct and promote their businesses in Bangladesh.
Therefore there are number of programs being started by the Bangladeshi Govt along with other institutions to bring harmony and gender parity in country.